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Farming with microbes

Farming with microbes

Carbon Smart Farming

First there was physical farming. Then there was Chemical. After big companies played with genetic and that is failing, farming with the Life in the Soil -  Regenerative farming, is the way forward if sustainability is your goal.

Regenerative carbon smart agriculture depends on the plants relationship with microbes to nourish crops. When the correct microbe fraternity are present and supporting the crop, carbon from photosynthesis is traded for nitrogen, potassium, phosphorous, calcium, magnesium, sulphur and the myriad of other essential minerals to keep a plant healthy, a healthy plant does not get disease so antibiotic chemical fertilisers aren't required. To better appreciate Regenerative agriculture, it is helpful to understand what conventional agriculture is. As the dominant farming practice in Jersey and the world today, it involves photosynthesis too, but does not prioritise capturing soil carbon. Conventional agriculture treats soil as a medium to which mineral fertilisers and chemicals are added. The soil is ploughed, tilled, cultivated, or disked two or more times a year. Herbicides clear the weeds, Insecticides treat pests and fungicides treat blight and rust. All agrochemicals are indiscriminate killers "Cides" are poisons designed to kill as in Genocide, These poisons are sprayed onto food crops or drilled into the soil to kill organisms which are responsible for 60% of soil carbon and responsible for delivering the majority of a crops nutrient and mineral source. Lack of water is compensated for with irrigation, which can cause salinisation of the soils. Plowing and tilling release carbon from the soil and little or none of the carbon from the plants is sequestered because the fungi which transports minerals and water to the plants is sliced and diced with heavy mechanical processes, which destroyed soil aggregation which leads to topsoil loss in periods of heaven rain. In conventional agriculture, seeds, synthetic fertilisers, antibiotic chemicals go in and poor nutritious food comes out, the soil pays a heavy price, as does water, the air, birds, beneficial insects, human health and the climate. Just like you can manufacture fake food cheaply using fillers, fats, sugars and starches, conventional industrial agriculture produces food cheaply by not paying the cost of the damage it causes. If the plant are only growing on a few elements in NPK fertilisers, the plants cannot providing your body with true nourishment, it becomes obese, diseased and disabled. If a farmer does not support his crops by tilling the land destroying the fertility and microbial communities his crops depend, it becomes infertile, diseased and deadened as humans destroy humus. Humus is made of minerals, carbon and water. One principle of regenerative agriculture - organic or conventional is no tillage. How often do you see bare earth except on a farm, or dirt road, Dirt is best described as geology without life, Soil is geology with life. Healthy soil is a bustling community of fungi, bacteria, insects, plant roots and thousands of tiny organisms scientists haven’t even had a chance to describe. The economy and infrastructure of this cosmopolitan domain are based on carbon